Plotting And Build Earthquake Resistant Houses part2
3. Load Retention System Construction
On the construction of earthquake-resistant houses should be noted that the structure of foundations, columns, beams and roof structure fused with an adequate connection. For timber construction in addition to the need for additional cross structures (bracing) must be equipped with a steel plate fastener at each meeting (joint) in order to ensure flexibility of movement.
Building with reinforced concrete structure should wear appropriate reinforcement with structural calculations, both the main reinforcement or ring. Connections between columns, foundations and sloof also should be detailed in order to have sufficient strength to withstand earthquake loads.
In addition to the house structure should be noted about the interior of the house. Preview each room in our house and imagine what would happen in an earthquake. Take a look at what things I could possibly fall off and fall on us. Arrange heavy items to be placed on the floor. Cupboard should be fastened to the wall by nailing, screws or by the elbow. Objects that are flammable should be kept in a safe place and not easily broken.
The earthquake did come suddenly, it is necessary for you and your family to prepare as well as possible, especially in buildings where we live. Home earthquake kit
Minimizing Earthquake Effects At Home
Geologically the Indonesian archipelago lies at the confluence of major seismic lines that have earthquake activity is quite high. In the last few years earthquakes occur more frequently. As a natural event occurrence suddenly and unpredictable. There is no technology that can predict when and where they occur. So often many casualties that accompanied the earthquake.
The majority of deaths caused by the collapse of the building. Most buildings, especially homes built without regard to principles of earthquake-resistant homes to save costs. Whereas build earthquake resistant houses are a must in earthquake prone areas like Indonesia. The cost issues relative and they can be managed creatively. Moreover, if we know the consequences if an earthquake occurs.
Actually, no houses were totally resistant to earthquake loads. Obviously the larger the earthquake occurs the greater the damage. Our task is to make the building damage to a minimum.
The criteria for earthquake resistant buildings are as follows:
- If there is a minor earthquake, the building suffered no damage both structural and non-structural.
- When an earthquake moderate, non-structural building components may be damaged but its structural components intact.
- In the event of a large earthquake, the building may experience damage to non-structural and structural components, but provided an interval for the evacuation of the building occupants out before the building collapsed.