Make Home Anti earthquake, Easy Kok
Indonesia is situated in a location called the “Pacific Ring of Fire”. Therefore, volcanic activity accompanied by seismic integral part for the people of Indonesia. Earthquake emergency kit one thing to note while residing in our beloved country is at the time of buying or building a house: consider aspects of building resilience to natural disasters, especially against earthquakes according to the Building Act N0. 28/2002.
Experience an earthquake followed by a tsunami in the Indian Ocean on th. 2004 and the earthquake in Yogyakarta in 2006 revealed that the construction of earthquake-resistant buildings is the absolute attention. Earthquake resistant buildings should be able to face the small-scale earthquake without damage and only minor damage when a big earthquake struck. If severely damaged by the earthquake, at least they can stand up and not collapse hoard inhabitants.
The important factor that anti-earthquake building lies in a strong construction and take advantage of a lightweight material. The foundation, pillars and roof horses should founded with sturdy construction. All building components are well integrated. The roof and walls should use materials that are lightweight. When later suffered severe shocks, the momentum generated light material are not so large that it does not swing hard. Because of heavy building materials susceptible to strong potential swing fall and fall.
How to build anti-earthquake houses started first by building a strong foundation. Foundation stone must be made constantly, should not be interrupted, because there is often a foundation -demi save material on Rock made not being in a position where the door is located. Minded in the job because no load is distributed over the top. This thinking is very dangerous, because the foundation so vulnerable to earthquakes because the vibrations are not transmitted through the entire body of the foundation. If the soft foundation soil, must be hardened and stabilized by using a mixture of sand stone materials (gravel).
Each elbow is made with corner position right elbow 90 degrees. Columns made thereon must be made together with the foundation stone and on the foundation must be made of concrete blocks (sloop), which binds tightly to the column as well as dividing the load distribution building thereon to the foundation. Sloop should anchor to the body of a foundation so well integrated.
The wall is supposed to be made of bricks lightly or wooden boards. This wall must be integrated with the concrete columns or wear wooden pole armature. To resist horizontal movement during an earthquake, so that crosslinking takes more rigid and sturdy walls. A wide opening as the doors and windows must be given a lintel beams are generally mounted on the upper frame. Without this block, the window could be thrown from the walls while a strong earthquake.
Columns are needed for each area of 12 square meters on the wall, its function as a pole building. The entire column must be firmly embedded into the foundation as well as the existing beam circumference or sloop that binds the whole column. If the column is below the foot horses on the horses sloping roof must blend with the column below to strengthen the position of the roof.
Lightweight roof covering is more resistant to earthquake shocks, hence a tin roof or shingle is actually better than using tiles. Genting is able to withstand the heat of the sun, but certain tiles such as ceramic tiles and concrete tiles heavier than the other roof covering. Wood is light enough to roof trusses, but horses as well as the outline of a roof made of lightweight aluminum in addition also guarantees free from termite attack. The horses also must be closely integrated with other horses wear lintel rod.
Earthquake resistant buildings must comply with standards in the wake, from kneading the dough mortar, building columns, and so on. Must entirely in accordance with the standard. A total of components must be integrated with each other, both structural components or non-structural components. When building or buying a home, it is important to take into account the resilience of buildings against earthquakes.
We recommend that homeowners ensure that contractors or developers who build our homes comply with existing standards, considering almost all Indonesian locations prone to seismic risk. If you are planning to buy a house that had been so, then check first if the house is built to meet the standard for earthquake resistant buildings.